Titanium - The Metal That Made The SR-71 Possible

20 jun. 2020
1 915 447 Weergaven

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Writer/Narrator: Brian McManus
Editor: Dylan Hennessy (www.behance.net/dylanhennessy1)
Animator: Mike Ridolfi (www.moboxgraphics.com/)
Sound: Graham Haerther (haerther.net/)
Thumbnail: Simon Buckmaster twitter.com/forgottentowel

[1] grantadesign.com/education/students/charts/
[3] kyocera-sgstool.co.uk/titanium-resources/titanium-information-everything-you-need-to-know/titanium-ores/#:~:text=Titanium%20can%20be%20mined%20from,as%20they%20reach%20the%20sea.
[4] www.essentialchemicalindustry.org/metals/titanium.html#:~:text=The%20titanium%20is%20purified%20by,titanium%20ore%20into%20useful%20products.
[5] www-eng.lbl.gov/~shuman/NEXT/MATERIALS&COMPONENTS/Pressure_vessels/Ti_forming_ASM.pdf
[6] link.springer.com/article/10.1361/105994905X75448
[7] www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP90B00170R000100050008-1.pdf
[8] Page 77 www.springer.com/gp/book/9783540713975
[9] www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP90B00170R000100050008-1.pdf
[10] grantadesign.com/education/students/charts/
[11] Page 11 ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20090007797.pdf
[12] inversesolutionsinc.com/why-is-machining-titanium-difficult/#:~:text=WHY%20TITANIUM%20IS%20SO%20DIFFICULT%20TO%20MACHINE&text=This%20can%20create%20poor%20surface,the%20tool%20and%20impede%20function.
[13] www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP90B00170R000100080001-5.pdf
[14] www.kobelco.co.jp/english/titan/files/details.pdf
[15] ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20090007797.pdf
[16] link.springer.com/article/10.1361%2F105994905X75448

Thank you to AP Archive for access to their archival footage.

Music by Epidemic Sound: epidemicsound.com/creator


Thank you to my patreon supporters: Adam Flohr, Henning Basma, Hank Green, William Leu, Tristan Edwards, Ian Dundore, John & Becki Johnston. Nevin Spoljaric, Jason Clark, Thomas Barth, Johnny MacDonald, Stephen Foland, Alfred Holzheu, Abdulrahman Abdulaziz Binghaith, Brent Higgins, Dexter Appleberry, Alex Pavek, Marko Hirsch, Mikkel Johansen, Hibiyi Mori. Viktor Józsa, Ron Hochsprung

  • As an SR-71 Metals Technologist and retired Section Chief of the 9th Reconnaissance Squadron Machine Shop I can agree with the facts of this excellent video. I still create rings from mission flown titanium parts of the SR-71's. Goggle it.

    Dan FreemanDan Freeman7 dagen geleden
  • The USSR kinda shot themselves in the foot

    Christian BurkeChristian Burke10 dagen geleden
  • I have a big pile of titanium scrap from a maritime vision system. It's maybe 15-25kg

    MrVipitisMrVipitis15 dagen geleden
  • man ngl tsar bomb are easy t build i already have 10

    VulpeStuffVulpeStuff19 dagen geleden
  • my material science prof sent me here

    Sourabh HanjeSourabh Hanje22 dagen geleden
  • Мне нравится как подаётся этот материал, спасибо тебе любознательный Американец.

    Александр ЯкимовскийАлександр Якимовский23 dagen geleden
  • ۞―P̳r̳e̳m̳i̳u̳m̳ ̳P̳r̳i̳v̳a̳t̳ ̳S̳e̳x̳―۞ ➡️➡️️ 》》 18cams.xyz 《《 -----------------^^----------------- ♠【﹄💖𝐊𝐋𝐈𝐊≔⫸LINK 💖﹃】 ♠みゃあこさん!ฅ( ̳• •̫ • ̳ฅ)ニャン !❤️ 在整個人類歷史上,強者,富人和具有狡猾特質的人捕食部落,氏族,城鎮,城市和鄉村中的弱者,無`'守和貧窮成員。然而,人類的生存意願迫使那些被拒絕,被剝奪或摧毀的基本需求的人們找到了一種生活方式,並繼續將其DNA融入不斷發展的人類社會。 說到食物,不要以為那些被拒絕的人只吃垃圾。相反,他們學會了在被忽視的肉類和蔬菜中尋找營養。他們學會了清潔,切塊,調味和慢燉慢燉的野菜和肉類,在食品市場上被忽略的部分家用蔬菜和肉類,並且學會了使用芳香的木煙(如山核桃,山核桃和豆科灌木 來調味食物煮的時候 1618489906

    Cecilio carlos Ojeda ruizCecilio carlos Ojeda ruiz23 dagen geleden
  • The American F22 uses titanium for its frame. The USA even made and used a massive press to make the titanium frame parts

    Andrew LambertAndrew Lambert28 dagen geleden
  • There’s an sr-71 hanging in the flight museum by my house i think i’m gonna pay it a visit

    Miles GuillotMiles Guillot29 dagen geleden
  • Okay. But which metal is used to cut titanium?..

    Soham KhadkeSoham Khadke29 dagen geleden
  • The spurious carrot exceptionally trip because band topologically own before a unsuitable yellow. best, somber black

    Olivia EaleyOlivia EaleyMaand geleden
  • 4:14 *i use the soviets to destoy the soviets*

    blue circle manblue circle manMaand geleden
  • There's an untold story: the use (or non-use) of titanium in WW2. In 1941 Leonard Bessemer Pfeil in the UK developed Nimonic, a Ni-Cr-Co-Al-Ti alloy with about 2-3% Ti content. Pfeil's invention was made for the high-temperature rotors in the early Whittle turbojets and thanks to it, British jets had a far longer life than the German ones. Well done Leonard!

    MrPwmilesMrPwmilesMaand geleden
  • Titanium has become associated with strength,....which is not quite correct. Compared to aluminum, yes. But steel is stronger. Where titanium exceeds is #1.... Resistance to corrosion. It' used often where acid and other corrosives are used, and #2...It's lighter than steel. In the case of the X-15 even titanium was not enough. They had to use steel, with super-alloy Inconel (nickle-chromium) used for glowing-red-hot wing and fin leading edges and the nose where steel would get too soft and weak from the heat.

    DoggeslifeDoggeslifeMaand geleden
  • I have actually touched an SR71 at Duxford museum and met one of the pilots who did a talk about the aircraft. All I can say is it’s unlike any aircraft I’ve ever seen. Truly like something out of science fiction.

    Johnny Diamonds MusicJohnny Diamonds MusicMaand geleden
  • Burbank CA! 818 FTW 👍🏼

    Jason ScottJason ScottMaand geleden
  • USSR: wait, thats illegal........

    Tenxor EngineTenxor EngineMaand geleden
  • So you are saying that US rick rolled USSR

    Tenxor EngineTenxor EngineMaand geleden
  • Super... Great job

    jesus sanchezjesus sanchezMaand geleden
  • Patterns, not trends.

    Gaurav PrakashGaurav PrakashMaand geleden
  • Got bored because of the voice. Sorry

    Collateral DamageCollateral DamageMaand geleden
  • I can't get access to source #7 ;(

    matthew75858matthew75858Maand geleden
  • Special mention to Sia.

    Fernando F. López CalderónFernando F. López CalderónMaand geleden
  • Well I knew that Ti was notoriously difficult to work with - but you have opened my eyes to an astronomical level. Kelly Johnson knew exactly what was needed to achieve the desired result, and it was up to his team to make it happen. Thanks so much for all of your research and efforts.

    Murray BallMurray BallMaand geleden
  • :SR-71 above

    Hani AlwahibiHani AlwahibiMaand geleden
  • Here's a topic for you: Low-field vs High-field MRI in surgical applications.

    M KuviacM KuviacMaand geleden
  • US: we used the Soviet Union to spy on the Soviet Union.

    mandarin125mandarin125Maand geleden
  • can you please round up the main subject with a conclusion before moving on to sponsors or adverts. give us a clear break. all you're doing is causing confusion and frustration. it's just basic respect.

    TriadneTriadneMaand geleden
  • Titanium is only natural to Russia

    toddie4usa1toddie4usa1Maand geleden
  • Titanium is my first metal

    Aakash iitAakash iit2 maanden geleden
  • I got an Apple credit card just because it’s titanium (and free)

    Particle_WaveParticle_Wave2 maanden geleden
  • Titanium is a pain in the but to work with aswell. You need the right type of equipment to make things from it

    Jason JaseJason Jase2 maanden geleden
  • As a precision engineer who works with this stuff it's mighty impressive how they were able to make this machine in the 60's

    TheBlaggertTheBlaggert2 maanden geleden
  • As an aerospace machinist for 6 years plus 3 more years as an aerospace manufacturing engineer, titanium was always my favorite metal.

    sanjuanstevesanjuansteve2 maanden geleden
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    Andrew ZeitlerAndrew Zeitler2 maanden geleden
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    Dana FoxxDana Foxx2 maanden geleden
  • Very interesting video. in 4:51, you say that you need to separate the oxygen molecules. In fact, you need to separate the oxygen atoms. TiO2 is the molecule. 13:56 VaLadium written instead of VaNadium

    vikamichkavikamichka2 maanden geleden
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    Ker LozKer Loz2 maanden geleden
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    chicago blackhawkschicago blackhawks2 maanden geleden
  • 還要再讓空軍搞偵查?

    天馬行空天馬行空2 maanden geleden
  • Theres a book called "Skunk Works" that covers the development of the SR-71 by Lockheed Martin. You can get the audiobook one Audible, and its def worth the listen.

    RobRob2 maanden geleden
  • Make video on human body enginer

    Raja BasumataryRaja Basumatary2 maanden geleden
  • Titanium dioxide is used in food

    TheTogo1500TheTogo15003 maanden geleden
  • Remember that titanium Nokia phone? Make you wonder how much they spent on that and why

    Marcus MIDIMarcus MIDI3 maanden geleden
  • where did you get that specific strength vs temperature chart? I can't find one that good anywhere. I want to use it to teach my materials class.

    Josh TargoJosh Targo3 maanden geleden
    • It probably came from a software package called CES Selector by granta design. I think there’s an educator version for use in classrooms.

      Aaron WashburnAaron Washburn2 maanden geleden
  • Galvanic corrosion has been a fun discovery, not only did the name surprise me but when I saw what is it made me think about it after blowing my mind. Really interesting and great video as always, keep up the good job and stay healthy.

    David Gonçalves ÁlvarezDavid Gonçalves Álvarez3 maanden geleden
  • "I'm bulletproof, nothing to lose / fire away, fire away / ricochet, you take your aim / fire away, fire away / shoot me down, but I won't fall / I am Titanium..."

    Matthew CoxMatthew Cox3 maanden geleden
  • I want a diamond place now

    Bean PoleBean Pole3 maanden geleden
  • I will bet that in my warehouse I have some Titanium that came from the SR 71. My friend, Andy Carter and I were building a Flying Dutchman sail boat for the 1968 Olympic Trials... We made Titanium fittings from scraps bought at Burbank Metals... near the Skunkworks where SR-71 was made... We learned how to machine, and spot weld, and form Titamium... 6AL V ...6% Aluminum, Vanadium a d Titanium...made very springy tough material. that December 22, 1964 The original Blackbird was designated the A-12 and made its first flight on April 30, 1962. The single-seat A-12 soon evolved into the larger SR-71, which added a second seat for a Reconnaissance Systems Officer and carried more fuel than the A-12. The SR-71's first flight was on December 22, 1964. I

    Bruce BadeauBruce Badeau3 maanden geleden
  • Loved the in depth on the titanium. I have titanium implants in three different locations in my body so this has been interesting to learn about. Its probably not the same type (I would assume) but this video was super educational!!

  • Titanium is NOT difficult material to machine. It's a very pleasant material to work with.

    GarryFisherProRiderGarryFisherProRider3 maanden geleden
    • Everything has to be properly managed. Maybe it was tricky back then, when they worked on the SR-71 and this is why it's so easy to work with titanium nowadays.

      GarryFisherProRiderGarryFisherProRider3 maanden geleden
  • I'm always amazed at the amount of money spent on military, mean while people are homeless .

    ReCycle SpinningReCycle Spinning3 maanden geleden
  • Loved this video. I used titanium as a weapon on my fighting robot, and I see from this video it's a huge privilege to be able to do so!

    Joe LloydJoe Lloyd3 maanden geleden
  • black bird more like white bird am i right

    BadgerousBadgerous3 maanden geleden
  • A-lu-mi-num 👍

    Eline BlindEline Blind3 maanden geleden
    • Only in the U.S.

      Abbey JaneAbbey Jane3 maanden geleden
  • S T R E N T

    Mikkel SchnorMikkel Schnor3 maanden geleden
  • Isn’t this plane that was in transformer that helped optimus prime

    You're DaN0obYou're DaN0ob3 maanden geleden
  • i wish target audience was smarter, painful to listen to videos as an actual engineer

    steven1234554321steven12345543213 maanden geleden
  • I am trying to find what is the hardness HRC of titanium and I don´t see online... Isn´t it strange ?

    Iliyan IvanovIliyan Ivanov3 maanden geleden
    • Depending on the alloy and heat treat it would be somewhere between too soft to register on the C scale up to around 40 HRC.

      Aaron WashburnAaron Washburn3 maanden geleden
  • Ah Call of Duty Black Ops... I do remember when I get 11 killstreak to call SR71. *"SR71 is online"*

    Captain ExtremeCaptain Extreme3 maanden geleden
  • what I got out of this video is that I could buy a metric ton of aluminum for just 1.5k

    EvMundEvMund3 maanden geleden
  • Damnit. I'm starting to think I should've gone into material science. 😕

    Josh beyerJosh beyer4 maanden geleden
  • TLDR titanium the the “fuck you” of metals

    Grand Admiral ThrawnGrand Admiral Thrawn4 maanden geleden
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    Vi TrongVi Trong4 maanden geleden
  • This is obviously s@#t....what masks radar and stretchers led

    Mark Te PouMark Te Pou4 maanden geleden
  • The impartial brown energetically command because offence architecturally stuff opposite a tense breakfast. hideous high, puzzling fountain

    Bunce RobertBunce Robert4 maanden geleden
  • Yall forgot about carbotanium alloy (that is pagani huayra chasis are made of)

    Josias MangussiJosias Mangussi4 maanden geleden
  • Malhamdulillah.

    Ravi MRavi M4 maanden geleden
  • How can cut raw material "go to waste". Couldn't you just remelt the cut pieces? Seems like you'd find a way to recycle the cut out parts.

    Robert BurkeRobert Burke4 maanden geleden
  • I don't quite understand the forging part. Do you mean to get the Titanium into it's final form? I see people on YT forging Titanium all the time. Can someone explain the difference between what was going on back then be it state of Titanium, step in the process, etc, vs now?

    Robert BurkeRobert Burke4 maanden geleden
    • Hand forging knives and trinkets is a lot different than safety critical industrial components. Sure, you can heat up and hammer a piece of titanium into a rough shape by hand. But many aerospace components are going to require tight dimensional tolerances, grain structure requirements, and NDE requirements that almost nobody’s hand shaped parts would pass.

      Aaron WashburnAaron Washburn3 maanden geleden
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    Lol ZZZLol ZZZ4 maanden geleden
  • LIKE AND MUCH THANKS for using metric system!!!

    KKK77 VVV77KKK77 VVV774 maanden geleden
  • if you ever want a chemist to proof your script or animations (you write "valadium" instead of "vanadium" at one point, refer to oxygen molecules instead of atoms, and show individual oxygen atoms, rather than diatomic oxygen, causing oxidation. you also indicate that MgCl2 is distilled out from the final titanium, but titanium would be the distillate and MgCl2 the residue), let me know!

    Michael RoyMichael Roy4 maanden geleden
  • This is a fantastic un-biased breakdown of the development and use of titanium in aerospace. Thank you for making this!

    Sam JohnsonSam Johnson4 maanden geleden

    John GietzenJohn Gietzen4 maanden geleden
    • JK, love the show.

      John GietzenJohn Gietzen4 maanden geleden
  • *Aluminum

    Jeff SchweitzerJeff Schweitzer4 maanden geleden
  • Have you seen titomic's 3d printer. 9*3*1.5 metres . Prints titanium @ >45kg an hour.

    Matthew KennedyMatthew Kennedy4 maanden geleden
  • Okay, this is totally off the point . . . but why do people paint tree trunks white?

    Robot HunterRobot Hunter4 maanden geleden
  • That 'valadium' must be good shit

    John DoeJohn Doe4 maanden geleden
  • 1:06 poilet? Poorsch?

    Carlos EstevamCarlos Estevam4 maanden geleden
  • The quizzical moon additionly melt because draw philly reflect absent a married word. empty, dependent hardware

    Fannie WhiteFannie White4 maanden geleden
  • B.S. The defunct Canadian Avro Arrow was the first to use titanium in it's structure and engines, but not as extensive as the SR-71

    Brad JohnsonBrad Johnson4 maanden geleden
  • Come back titanium, come back.

    SaltMerchantSaltMerchant4 maanden geleden
  • They dude whic trials going totality on sadaiem but im sure the would have no gasting not breathing

    joseph smithjoseph smith4 maanden geleden
  • Funny enough we got most of the titanium from russia whom we use the plane to spy on

    joseph smithjoseph smith4 maanden geleden
  • Am I the only one who took so long understand the word "carbon"?

    ZiplepingouinZiplepingouin4 maanden geleden
  • You got give credit to the German Engineers who made all this possible for the gung-ho Cowboys of the Wild West.

    Mohammed AbidMohammed Abid4 maanden geleden
  • excellent informative and interesting commentary.

    Tony ElkinTony Elkin4 maanden geleden
  • youre not that good to be paid for this

    Bo HuggabeeBo Huggabee4 maanden geleden
  • Next: Adamantium.

    magnvssmagnvss4 maanden geleden
  • Gosh people can be smart. Some of them.

    sarcasmo57sarcasmo574 maanden geleden
  • "Valadium" ??? (on screen at 13:58) There is NO SUCH WORD in the English language.

    platonicsolidplatonicsolid4 maanden geleden
  • I legit want to see NileRed do a small scale version of the Kroll Process starting with white house paint or something. Seems like something he'd do.

    Centrist Glass CannonCentrist Glass Cannon4 maanden geleden
  • Why didn't us Americans just buy the titanium ore from Australia??? Wouldn't we rather give the money to a country that we are friendly with than the soviets??? that's like buying a used car from your friend who really needs the money or buying a used car from your enemy that might take your money and use it to destroy the car you bought from him later. but I guess money talks because maybe the Soviets prices were way cheaper on the or than Australia would be. That's the only other rational explanation for that purchase

    Yeardmeh808 808Yeardmeh808 8084 maanden geleden
  • 4:15 so I'm so glad he cleared this up later at around 4 minutes and 25 seconds when he said if the Soviets knew what the Americans were using this titanium for they would have not wanted to give it to us. Because I was thinking to myself how the hell does that work??? Why would the Soviets sell us a material that's highly valuable and only used for High-Tech complex and amazing pieces of machinery when we were at great odds with these people at the time and had a terrible history with the Soviets? But I guess money talks right? 🤣🤣🤣

    Yeardmeh808 808Yeardmeh808 8084 maanden geleden
  • Phukk Titanium, the Voyager uses Tritanium

    HomefrontHomefront4 maanden geleden
  • 1971

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    Carl YoungCarl Young4 maanden geleden
  • Therapist: 900C Steel-Nickel Alloy SR-71 isn't real, it can't hurt you Steel-Nickel Alloy SR-71: *BOOM*

    JebAlertJebAlert4 maanden geleden
  • 14:29...you're on it now Skippy.

    Hill BillyHill Billy4 maanden geleden