Why Was Normandy Selected For D-Day?

28 mrt. 2020
1 528 176 Weergaven

In the debut episode of the Logistics of D-Day we explore the logic and planning that resulted in Normandy being chosen as the location for the largest amphibious invasion in the history of human kind.
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References:
[1] www.amazon.co.uk/D-Day-Manual-technology-engineering-Operations/dp/0857332341
[2] www.amazon.com/D-Day-Atlas-Anatomy-Normandy-Campaign/dp/0500291195
[2] www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/dieppe-raid
[3] books.google.ie/books?id=5Fi1CwAAQBAJ&pg=PA16&lpg=PA16&dq=hochpf%C3%A4hlen+production&source=bl&ots=7Ic2R6640M&sig=ACfU3U1cOG7_cFismIWGKrYIKDWfhDDUtQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjimJqkgILhAhUlQxUIHSK3D28Q6AEwBnoECAkQAQ#v=onepage&q=hochpf%C3%A4hlen%20production&f=false
[4] www.dday-overlord.com/en/battle-of-normandy/supply/pluto
[5] www.dday-overlord.com/en/d-day/beaches/omaha-beach
[6] www.jstor.org/stable/215761?read-now=1&seq=2#page_scan_tab_contents
[7] www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-10632543
[8] www.jshawmsc.f2s.com/140squadron.pdf
[9] worldwar2headquarters.com/HTML/normandy/HobartsFunnies/DD-sherman.html
[10] www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/remembrance/history/historical-sheets/dieppe
[11] www.forbes.com/sites/davidbressan/2019/06/06/geology-as-a-factor-in-the-battle-of-normandy/#3488fe5e7df3
[12] scholarsmine.mst.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=2956&context=icchge

Thank you to AP Archive for access to their archival footage.

Music by Epidemic Sound: epidemicsound.com/creator

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Reacties
  • Huge thanks to Simon Clark for reading that radio announcement last minute yesterday. The original version of this video on Nebula has the original radio speech, but some American music label seems to think they own the rights to BBC speech from 1944...

    Real EngineeringReal EngineeringJaar geleden
    • @Damian Jablonski "tho"? Tomorrow ham onions? The hairy Ostrich? What is this secret code?

      HiTechOilCoHiTechOilCo3 maanden geleden
    • @A W 2 "damn Americans"? Because of copyright laws, suddenly all Americans are damned? Hate much? Good grief.

      HiTechOilCoHiTechOilCo3 maanden geleden
    • "Human kind"? Where has this term come from?

      HiTechOilCoHiTechOilCo3 maanden geleden
    • History is written by the victors. And they also own the copyright.

      John MoyleJohn Moyle3 maanden geleden
    • The speech very significant .

      Keith CitizenKeith Citizen6 maanden geleden
  • It is as everytime in warfare: you need luck. In principe it was a so crazy idea landing in normandy that the Germans dont expect this. My Grandfather was there on the German side. For both sides it was a massacre.

    Thomas OdenwälderThomas Odenwälder5 uur geleden
  • Excellent video. I used to be an armor (armour for my friends across the pond. And up north. And of course, down under. Actually for most of the world except the U.S. But I digress. Oops) and cavalry officer, and at first I didn't think too much about logistics, other than my own immediate combat support. When I called for fuel, for ammo, etc, it was always there. As I rose through the ranks, I began to gain a real appreciation for the amount of planning that was needed to ensure that what I needed was actually available. While the focus of most military study is on tactics, equipment, etc, many don't realize that in order to be successful, you need more people supplying everyone than actually fighting. Thanks again for a very interesting series of videos!

    PanzerDavePanzerDaveDag geleden
  • Led by Britain and America? Ummm Canada? We had a whole objective to ourselves? Juno Beach? Oh and for the record, 2:24 there was nothing humiliating about allied Canadian forces at Dieppe. I hope you publicly take that back, what an asinine thing to say about your allies. You should be ashamed for saying that.

    MetoobieMetoobieDag geleden
  • Holy hell. This is super cool! So much that happened behind the scenes before the attack(s)!

    Beckenz TBeckenz T6 dagen geleden
  • Like usual, no idea what Dieppe was actually about.

    John-Hugh BoydJohn-Hugh Boyd16 dagen geleden
  • A war that is fought on the economy of the European colonies. Colony troops also fought mindlessly with the Allies, but they never even got mentioned on the pages of history.

    SomaSoma16 dagen geleden
  • And canada

    danste01danste0117 dagen geleden
  • I'd love to see a video like this about the V weapons

    ComputersandJavaComputersandJava17 dagen geleden
  • It was Calais day off?

    Dianne ForitDianne Forit18 dagen geleden
  • Britain was easily conquered by Muslims. By giving birth.

    Markku NieminenMarkku Nieminen18 dagen geleden
    • source?

      heli lives matterheli lives matter5 dagen geleden
  • All y'all complaining about your countries not getting credit when Soviets threw bodies at the enemy on the east front, literally a hell on Earth. Coming from an American.

    Erik BratengErik Brateng19 dagen geleden
  • Normandy, because of the best butter ?

    Daniel LamarreDaniel Lamarre19 dagen geleden
  • The cameras were fitted in the fuselage with their viewports below and behind the wing. Get a better script writer.

    Neil of LongbeckNeil of Longbeck19 dagen geleden
  • Forgotten again - the British and Commonwealth forces in Italy.

    Neil of LongbeckNeil of Longbeck19 dagen geleden
  • Even the Germans knew Patton was a better commander than Montgomery.

    John HarrisJohn Harris22 dagen geleden
  • You're saying Germany was well trained and battle Harden.. The West never mention 60% of Germany's force was Hitler youth 16 years old in the average age? Put that in your documentary.

    Aaron KellyAaron Kelly22 dagen geleden
  • The Pas de Calais was too well defended.

    George EdwardGeorge Edward25 dagen geleden
  • We’re there any alternatives for the Normandy beach landings?

    - Minuano -- Minuano -25 dagen geleden
    • Yep, most were in Mediterranean and Northern Europe.

      Leander de GzLeander de Gz23 dagen geleden
  • I spoke to a WW2 veteran many years ago who was in the SAS. He told me that before the invasion he was tasked with the job of collecting sand from Normandy beach so they could check its suitability. He was not told why.

    Peter BillinghamPeter Billingham26 dagen geleden
  • Because the Normans did enough invading themselves

    Slice of CheeseSlice of Cheese28 dagen geleden
  • Dieppe was not meant as an invasion. It was meant as a raid to attempt to take certain targets and destroy them and the extract the forces involved.

    mpetersen6mpetersen629 dagen geleden
  • Thank you.

    Glen MartinGlen MartinMaand geleden
  • The British never changed their helmet design for 1000 years.

    Blossom JosephBlossom JosephMaand geleden
  • Americans from Italy 🧐 tbf it would be more appropriate to say British and commonwealth forces with American support but it does not rlly matter we got the point none the less

    Kit GoostreyKit GoostreyMaand geleden
  • The cooing pink statistically fry because operation immunohistologically drip given a debonair friday. knowing, obsequious control

    Elijah GutierrezElijah GutierrezMaand geleden
  • Why Normandy? Because Calais was the more logical choice.

    tsmgguytsmgguyMaand geleden
  • Just for the record -- Canadians took Juno Beach. Can't imagine why this fact was left out.

    Daryl NelsonDaryl NelsonMaand geleden
  • Yes England knew Dunkirk Well !!

    Rob MRob MMaand geleden
  • America led the way with planes Fuel Men When it comes to the point the English supplied very little and if not for the US england would not have the ability or manpower !!!!!!

    Rob MRob MMaand geleden
  • I have always wondered why Allied Strongholds like Anzio or Cote De Azur were not chosen over Northern France. True it would mean a longer war but the loss of life would have been much less.

    abel garciaabel garciaMaand geleden
  • The idea that the Normandy landings were successful because they captured functioning ports is just not true. The Mulberry harbours were a near disaster - nearly 50% being disabled by a storm. The Allies didn't have a functioning port for months. It was beach landings that saved the day. The US had tremendous logistical know-how from all the Pacific island assaults and could handle beach landings very well. It was a perfectly adequate way of proceeding with supply. Normandy was not a good choice for landing - it was long, long way from the centre of German power and a series of north-south rivers made progress arduous.

    David Jones-OwenDavid Jones-OwenMaand geleden
  • Since Germany expect Calais -- Calais was a non-starter. Western France -- which had ports designed for WWI's American Army -- was deemed absurd -- no air coverage at all. Further, Western France has the same problem as Torch: Big Waves. You can go to NLworld and see videos of just how big the waves can get. Further, the rail net out west had been 'harvested' by the Nazis for rails, switches, ties and everything else. It didn't have industry that the Nazis needed for its war effort. So Western France would add a full year to WWII -- and would entail fighting Nazi Germany mostly in France, to. boot. Brittany was logistically useless. Not even worth talking about. Normandy was the dream location -- straight from the first. No other zone was ever seriously considered -- and staggering efforts were launched to convince the Nazis that a zone this obvious was not on the Allied list. Amazingly, it worked, even though many a Kraut spotted something so obvious. FYI, Calais had a staggering mine-belt beyond anything seen at Normandy. Even in 1940, the RN had to zig-zag all over the Channel to get past its own minefields. Winnie fought bitterly against invading Southern France. As ever, Winnie was a military disaster. Dragoon was a blow-out success -- and more significant to the Break Out than historians generally credit. 6th Army Group actually had to bail out 12th Army Group -- as Bradley had failed to order enough supplies. His entire staff had Victory Disease. He only hints around about this fiasco in his 2nd War Diary.

    David HimmelsbachDavid HimmelsbachMaand geleden
    • @David Jones-Owen Your cutesy 'logic' actually -- if you bend it enough -- turned out to be true. Zhukov's main thrust was actually a dead duck until Konev's armies punched through at Zossen -- just south of Berlin. It's THAT thrust that Hitler is bewailing in the endless parodies seen all over NLworld. BTW, for the general readership: Zossen is the Nazi's "Pentagon." Yup. It's an underground military complex that ran the war for Hitler. It had armored and buried cables running to his Berlin bunker. Zossen was the nexus that sent Hitler's orders out to the field. After the war, the Soviets adopted Zossen as THEIR military headquarters for the entire Cold War era. It controlled the entire "Western Direction." (That was its Soviet military designation.) That equates to 64-divisions. (!) They were to be the first echelon attacking NATO. That'll give you some idea of what a Big Deal Zossen was to Hitler. And what a surprise it was to the Soviets -- and everyone else. Jodl spent most of his time at Zossen -- not Berlin. So, the Soviets REALLY did take Berlin via the indirect route. When Steiner didn't show up the jig was up. BTW, Zhukov fired his artillery upon Konev. Then Konev fired his artillery back onto Zhukov. The citizens of Berlin assumed that the artillery duel was Steiner attacking from the West. Soviet intelligence estimates place the Russian casualties from this titanic artillery duel at 500,000 men. (!!!!) This event only became known in the West after the Cold War was over and Soviet archives were made public. The Battle of Berlin may have been short, but it was quite incredibly bloody. These two-marshals shot each other up because Stalin didn't want an ultra-strong Red Army after the war. He logically figured that it would turn on him -- the guy that had started WWII in Europe. Yup. Stalin, not Hitler, initiated the Soviet-Nazi Pact -- which was a CONTRACT to begin WWII. Yeltsin produced all of the critical source documents a generation ago. Reality has yet to sink in with historians.

      David HimmelsbachDavid HimmelsbachMaand geleden
    • Using that logic - since Germans expect attack on Berlin, Berlin was a non-starter for Soviets.

      David Jones-OwenDavid Jones-OwenMaand geleden
  • Antifa did ok.

    brian ramirezbrian ramirezMaand geleden
  • Britons Henry the Fifth in1415 liked Normandy beaches and the Calvados plateau as well for his invasion, the place had tradition.

    Joel McCoyJoel McCoyMaand geleden
  • Did not realize the allies had forward air operating bases in place by the 2nd day ...that is very interesting and shows what a success the initial landing was.

    Steve FowlerSteve FowlerMaand geleden
  • Superb research. It's all in the details.

    Gary McAleerGary McAleerMaand geleden
  • And why was it called D-Day? nlworld.info/key/video/zqtolM-xgK-jbow

    Steve CoatesSteve CoatesMaand geleden
  • You certainly understand the critical value of Dieppe in making Overlord a success. A tactical failure, but a strategic victory.

    Victor FinbergVictor Finberg2 maanden geleden
  • Bait and Switch -or- The First One's Free

    Douglas PreiserDouglas Preiser2 maanden geleden
  • Thanks

    John AugsburgerJohn Augsburger2 maanden geleden
  • 5 major ww2 battles 1.stalingrad 2.Midway 3. D day 4.philippines.5.western Europe &low countries 1940

    syahrul azraisyahrul azrai2 maanden geleden
  • 🇺🇸 🇫🇷 🇬🇧 🇦🇺 🇳🇿 🇨🇦 🇵🇱 🇳🇱 🇧🇪

    CJCJ2 maanden geleden
  • The roasted insulation practically command because town ultimately tip over a tacky screen. high-pitched, watery spring

    Froilan GuevarraFroilan Guevarra2 maanden geleden
  • Why did they use front opening door for the amphibious landing craft?

    R FR F2 maanden geleden
  • Ask Henry the fifth, the Normandy Beaches have a tradition of British invasion success since at least AD1415. Pre-invasion naval shore bombardment could have been a bit more robust though.

    Joel McCoyJoel McCoy2 maanden geleden
  • I now think Normandy was the wrong place for D Day. Maybe Southern France or Italy would have been a better and safer place!

    abel garciaabel garcia2 maanden geleden
  • Led by Britain and America haven't you forgotten Canada. I'm sure they remember it very well indeed. 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 🇬🇧

    Lord Hampton-WickLord Hampton-Wick2 maanden geleden
  • Seriously? does anyone not know why Normandy was chosen over the the shorter route?

    themisterothemistero2 maanden geleden
    • Because it was the obvious choice and where most of the German defenses where

      Sheev palpatineSheev palpatine3 dagen geleden
  • The second editor emotionally want because yellow systemically rush sans a icky eight. truthful, demonic squirrel

    Yu TTBYu TTB2 maanden geleden
  • The Normandy tourism council was a personal sponsor of general Eisenhower. This was the best money they ever spent. 75 years later, they are still making money from the invasion

    Peter LejonPeter Lejon2 maanden geleden
  • What's the name of the song playing in the background at the start of the video?

    Nandra CosminNandra Cosmin2 maanden geleden
  • The guarded egypt operationally cough because coke emotionally doubt despite a left pyramid. determined, ambiguous archeology

    tommy25 eutommy25 eu2 maanden geleden
  • Makes you think about how much thought goes into these huge wars. It's not just "go in and kill the bad guys"

    Michael GauthierMichael Gauthier2 maanden geleden
  • Why NO SWELL

    andrew Davisandrew Davis2 maanden geleden
  • I already pay over $350 a month for my Internet cable and other devices and I seem to be getting less and less contact

    Ronald TartagliaRonald Tartaglia2 maanden geleden
  • 7:04 is that a Spitfire with American markings on it?

    Ronald TartagliaRonald Tartaglia2 maanden geleden
    • The USAAF did have a few Spitfires for recon.

      GH1618GH1618Maand geleden
  • Thanks for the video. Can you make one on the battle of the atlantic? Like, U-boats, torpedos, destroyers, depth charges, sonar and naval positioning like what is shown on the movie "Greyhound"? Thanks

    André ConsonniAndré Consonni3 maanden geleden
  • I hate these long videos.... When The answer can be Said in one sentence

    StarfallStarfall3 maanden geleden
  • The overwhelming factor here is was the control of the air. The Allies dominance of the air and it's literal defeat of the German air force doomed any real and lasting German counter attack to the Normandy beachheads. What didn't help the Germans was Hitler insistence on keeping his Panzer divisions well back in a supportive role. Delaying the time the massive Panzer force could respond doomed any real ability to throw back the beachheads.

    Andy BrianAndy Brian3 maanden geleden
  • 1:16 You forgot Canada of the Juno Beach, Canada was the only country out of 3 to successfully capture its objectives ahead of scheduled time. 4:26 In an ideal world, the Nazi Reich was convinced that General Patton was a fierce general and battle hardened tactician who will lead the charge of the main invasion across Calais. Therefore Erwin Rommel (The supervisor of the northern France costal defences) under the orders of Hitler heavily fortified key positions of Calais, to prevent the invasion force that will never come. Due to his wife's birthday, Erwin Rommel was back in Germany to celebrate when the allies cross the channel and arrived on the shores of France. On D-Day, without the supervision of General Rommel, the Reich was so convinced that the disgraced and discarded General will lead the main assault, and the assault on Normandy was a ruse to send valuable soldiers to the distraction. The ploy worked and bought valuable time for the allies to set up a beach head on the coast of Normandy. Therefore in an ideal world, the allies would not have chosen beaches closes to Great Britain, because Calais was where Hitler have majority of his reserves in.

    Leo ChanLeo Chan3 maanden geleden
  • The heavy metal band Sabaton recorded a song about D-Day called "Primo Victoria". It can be found on their album of the same title.

    David FrischknechtDavid Frischknecht3 maanden geleden
  • 6TH OF JUNE 1944 ALLIES ARE TURNING THE WAR NORMANDY STATE OF ANARCHY OVERLORD

    youonegavereal cullayouonegavereal culla3 maanden geleden
  • You'll Never Get Me Lucky Charms!

    John StacyJohn Stacy3 maanden geleden
    • Oh I will, and then I'll take you guns.

      Real EngineeringReal Engineering3 maanden geleden
  • Grab your M1 Garands...

    Agent WashingtonAgent Washington3 maanden geleden
  • D Day means Dead day or death day

    Rodna CesaRodna Cesa3 maanden geleden
  • Forgot Canada. This is tiny in numbers of men and other things compared to operation Barbarossa just think about it.

    Alfred ScottAlfred Scott3 maanden geleden
  • The story of this world is fascinating.

    Reuben MusyokaReuben Musyoka3 maanden geleden
  • Royal Navy Beach parties landed at dieppe to help try and coordinate the beaches. They later well trained as commandos to deal with being in the first wave, and were the Royal Navy Beach Commandos. COPP parties, Combined ops pilotage parties were used to survey the beaches.

    Arcmor1Arcmor14 maanden geleden
  • This is a really fascinating video.

    Bee HiveBee Hive4 maanden geleden
  • Canada made a sacrifice too and everyone forget them Only Canadians remember there sacrifice

    Landen McCraneyLanden McCraney4 maanden geleden
    • Don't know how true this is but i was told the Brits just assumed the Canadians would rather be under US command rather than British command before D-Day. So they put the Canadians under US command and they did not get along. Lots of fights between Canadians and Americans. The Canadians preferred to be under British command. So that is why Canada went in under British command rather than USA command I guess if the Canadians went in under USA command a lot more people would know what Canada did. I am Australian and nobody in the USA knows Australia took part in WW2. It was the Australian 9 th Division in Easter 1941 that gave Germany its first defeat in battle. General leslie Morshead was the Australian commander and he was up against Rommell. Did you know than in Easter 1941 Germany suffered its first defeat in WW2 by Australia???

      Neil 2020Neil 20202 maanden geleden
  • You’ll never know. It’s as classified today as it was then.

    CGCG4 maanden geleden
  • *Nazi Germany got fooled by the oldest trick in the book*

    DayAndFinishedOn DefinitionDayAndFinishedOn Definition4 maanden geleden
  • The big Flak Towers were only locatet in big cities and had nothing to do with d-day. They almost had no role in ww2 because of their centralized location. Vienna has 3 of them still standing.

    The BadgerThe Badger4 maanden geleden
  • Canada was there too! Canadian soldiers always meet their responsibilities and are humble heroes. Then and now!🇨🇦

    Susan FresnedaSusan Fresneda4 maanden geleden
  • Isn't it obvious? The beaches are nicer

    Iguaani PilvessäIguaani Pilvessä4 maanden geleden
  • I might be an asian but with being a filipino i'd get to now why THE ALLIES picked normandy.

    AceskAcesk4 maanden geleden
  • The wanting nephew intringuingly cover because century cytochemically detect plus a acid cow. used, physical cactus

    Fannie WhiteFannie White4 maanden geleden
  • WW3 is going to be a completely different animal. I'm glad Germany will be an ally though.

    sarcasmo57sarcasmo574 maanden geleden
  • 4:57 ..."Powertroopers"...???

    peter cotterillpeter cotterill4 maanden geleden
  • WW2F.ORG

    Tony LittlefieldTony Littlefield4 maanden geleden
  • And an update on Dieppe. “Dieppe Uncovered”. Watch it. The operation was the brain child of the guy that created James Bond. Ian Fleming.

    DanSk451DanSk4514 maanden geleden
  • Dieppe - Was certainly invaluable, as a lesson, as a way of calming the newbie Canadians and opening their eyes to the sober reality of war - also less well known was a secretive addendum operation that involved some special forces targeting the local Kriegsmarine offices and finding where their naval Enigma code books, which they found and copied [being careful to put the originals back - making it look as though they had not been discovered]. I am glad that when speaking of D-Day, that the use of 'Funnies', mainly tanks, were mentioned. Thumbs Up!

    Truth SeekerTruth Seeker4 maanden geleden
  • Because I told them to

    JMJM4 maanden geleden
  • The two guys that swam to the beach were under orders to take suicide pills if captured.

    murray crichtonmurray crichton4 maanden geleden
  • this is the reason why Generals have the most credits of success in a war, because they are the one doing the planning at the hold the lives of their soldiers

    Noob JourneyNoob Journey4 maanden geleden
  • wiss my guy

    Faisal AmoduFaisal Amodu5 maanden geleden
  • Everyone asks Why Normandy, but no one asks how Normandy?

    Mash709Mash7095 maanden geleden
  • The bite-sized t-shirt supposedly snore because paper obviously employ beneath a abaft david. adamant, enchanting blowgun

    Crystal PhillipsCrystal Phillips5 maanden geleden
  • The D-day invasion was to grab back western Europe before the Russians took over from the east. Same with nuking Japan, just to stop the Russian expansionism.

    LibertyMatrixLibertyMatrix5 maanden geleden
  • Well done to all those brave men.....may all their souls Rest In Peace ❤️🇦🇺

    Max TMax T5 maanden geleden
  • The Dieppe landing was a front for an intelligence operation aimed at acquiring a more advanced Enigma machine. Ian Fleming was involved.

    Tom BairTom Bair5 maanden geleden
  • Let's do one on the destruction of Dresden.

    GrumpyOldManGrumpyOldMan6 maanden geleden
    • You mean the the allied bombing raid that killed just over 15,000 people and mostly left dresden untouched? That one

      Sans Is highSans Is high3 maanden geleden
  • Strangely you never see any planes supporting the landings and the taking of the beaches on Normandy. Why were there no spitfires or hurricanes strafing the German gun positions etc instead of letting the lads get gunned down at will ( as all the footage shows they were ). Seems like they messed that up badly.

    JeffsframeJeffsframe6 maanden geleden
    • Strafing is dangerous, to be accurate you need to be close, easily shot down, too far away you'll hit your own me, the allies bombed the defenses heavily the night before

      Sans Is highSans Is high3 maanden geleden
  • Ike’s blunders, historic

    Bret WahlbergBret Wahlberg6 maanden geleden
  • Why couldn't they have just poured overwhelming forces into Italy and made the march up from there ?

    Arthur D DudaArthur D Duda6 maanden geleden
    • Because 3 fronts are better than 2

      Sans Is highSans Is high3 maanden geleden
  • There's another documentary that is really interesting. Operation Mincemeat...I came upon it by chance and no regrets

    Michael LeeMichael Lee6 maanden geleden
  • Joint forces prevail

    Rick HoustonRick Houston6 maanden geleden
  • Normandy might be great👍, but not unique. Every decision is mingled with political compromise rather than from a pure military perspective.

    M CXM CX6 maanden geleden
  • Lousy accents by narrators. Takes almost four minutes to get to the thrust of the post.

    Ed LaneEd Lane6 maanden geleden
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